Sword Fern
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Western Sword Ferns

Often found growing along stream banks in well-shaded forests, these prolific ferns are a snack for wildlife and a place to hide for smaller mammals. They reproduce by spores that grow in what look like raised dots on their underside rather than seeds. New fronds start as curled stems called “fiddleheads.” Native American tribes used them in many ways, including as bedding and for medicinal purposes.

Pacific Giant Salamanders